The new Turkish Patent Law (in Turkish):

http://www2.tbmm.gov.tr/d26/1/1-0699.pdf

 

THE IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS UNDER THE DECREE-LAW NO 551 PERTAINING TO THE PROTECTION OF PATENT RIGHTS IN TURKEY (obsolete)

PART ONE

Object, Scope, Foundation and Definitions

Article 1 - The object of this Regulation is to protect the inventions by means of granting Patents or Utility Model Certificates in order to encourage the inventive activity, and contribute to the realization of technical, economic and social development.

Scope

Article 2 - This Regulation encompasses the principles, the rules and the conditions for issuing Patents or Utility Model Certificates to inventions found to be appropriate for protection within the industrial property rights.

Legal Foundation

Article 3 - This regulation has been prepared based on the provisions of The Decree-

Law No 551 (obsolete) Pertaining to the Protection of Patent Rights.

Definitions

Article 4 - For the purposes of this Regulation the following shall mean;

: Search report on the state-of-the-art,

PART TWO Formalities with Respect to Patents

SECTION ONE

Patent Application and Physical Requirements

Patent Application and Annexes

Article 5 - It is necessary to file an application with the following elements in order to obtain a patent:

a) application petition,

b) description specifying the invention,

c) claim or claims with respect to the elements of the invention for which protection is requested,

d) drawings referred to in the description, claim or claims, e) abstract,

f) receipt for the payment of the application fee.

The amount of the application fee is indicated in the Schedule of Fees. For the validity of a patent application the application fee as prescribed in the Schedule of Fees must be to paid at the time of filing the application or at the latest within seven days of the filing of the application without the obligation of any further notice. Where the application fee has not been paid within this period, the application shall be deemed to have been withdrawn. Under such circumstances, the application shall be deemed not to have had any validity from the outset.

The fee for permitting one month for the late filing, at the Institute or at the receiving office authorized by the Institute, of the Turkish translations of the description, claim or claims and the abstract submitted in English or French or German as specified in the Article 42 of the Decree-Law shall be prescribed in the Schedule of Fees. In case of failure to file the Turkish translation within the specified period and the non-payment of the fee prescribed in the Schedule of Fees the application shall be rejected. The rejected application shall be deemed not to have had any validity from the outset.

According a Filing Date

Article 6 - A patent application shall be accorded a filing date as of the date, hour and minute when the elements specified in subparagraphs a,b,c,d, and e of Article 5 of this Regulation have been submitted at the Institute or at the office authorized by the Institute.

Application Petition

Article 7 - The application petition samples of which are hereby attached as Annexes 1 and 2 of this Regulation shall contain the following:

a) title of the invention,

b) information concerning the applicant or the applicants : name, nationality, address, postal code, telephone number, fax number, country,

c) if an agent is appointed, information concerning the agent: name, nationality, address, postal code, telephone number, fax number, country,

d) reference number of the applicant or the agent,

e) if priority is claimed, information with respect to the application on which the priority is based: country of the application, the date and the number,

f) information concerning the inventor: name, nationality, address,

g) where the applicant is not the inventor, declaration concerning how the right to apply has been obtained,

h) where the application is related to an earlier dated patent or a utility model application or a Patent or Utility Model Certificate, information concerning the earlier application or the Certificate: date, number, divisional application, patent of addition,

i) number of the pages of the description, the abstract and the drawings, number of the claims,

j) the date and the signature of the applicant or the agent, k) class(s) code(s) under the international classification.

Description

Article 8 - Description is a written statement explaining the invention thoroughly and in the best way possible. Description discloses all of elements of the invention without concealing anything of the subject matter. Description must be drafted explicitly and in sufficient detail that would enable a person skilled in the related technical field of the subject matter to carry out the invention, and should be composed of the following sections:

a) Title of the invention: The description shall be headed with the title of the invention as indicated in the petition. Title of the invention describes the invention and does not contain terms in the nature of a trademark. Preferably it is made up of between 2 to 7 words .

b) The technical field to which the invention relates and the state-of-the-art: It states the technical field to which the invention relates. Both local and international similar inventions are described in detail in order to enable the examination, searching and understanding of the invention. Furthermore, it describes in detail the differences between the invention for which protection is sought and the other patents granted in other countries to enable comparisons by referring to the relevant literature. The state-of-the-art is described insofar as it is known to the applicant that would be useful in the examination, search and understanding of the invention, and preferably documents relating to the prior art are indicated.

c) Technical problems to be solved by the invention: The technical problem or problems intended to be solved by the invention are described. This section discloses the technical problem and its solution in a comprehensible manner even if not explicitly referred to as a technical problem, and it states, if any, the advantages of the invention by referring to the state- of-the-art.

d) Explanation of the drawings: If any, each drawing is explained briefly, the numbers and the titles of all the parts as shown in the drawings are described,

e) Explanation of the invention: In this section the invention is described by referring, if any, to the drawings. While describing the parts and their functions, the numbers relating to the figures are indicated in parentheses. In this section the invention is disclosed in detail such a way without leaving any doubt and without leading to any misunderstandings.

None of the information concerning the workings, operation and other technical features should be withold from disclosure. Everything concerning the ınvention for which the protection is sought is disclosed very extensively in order to realize a widespread dissemination of the information with respect to the invention.

f) The mode of invention’s industrial application: This section describes the manner in which the invention is to be exploited in the industry. Subjective evaluations and exaggerated declarations are to be avoided.

Claim or claims

Article 9 - An application may contain one or more claims. Claim or claims define the

elements of the invention for which the protection is sought.

Every claim should be clear and concise. Claim or claims are based on the description. Claim or claims cannot extend beyond the contents of the invention as it is disclosed in the description.

Claims are formulated in sufficient number to indicate the elements of the invention in detail taking into consideration the principle inventive idea. The claims are numbered consecutively.

In the claims, invention cannot be defined as a desired objective to be attained.

Claims cannot be explained by relying on references to the description and the drawings, and cannot be designated by references such “ as described in the .........part of the description” or “ as shown in figures ........ of the drawings”.

Where the application contains drawings, the technical characteristics mentioned in the claims shall be followed by marks referring to these technical features. When marks are used, they shall be given in parentheses.

In an independent claim all of the principle features of the invention must be stated.

An independent claim may be followed by one more dependent claims where necessary in order to indicate clearly the technical attributes of the invention.

A dependent claim must contain all of the features of the claim it depends upon. If possible, a reference should be made to the independent claim at the beginning when starting to state the depending claims and the supplementary features desired to be protected should be described. All dependent claims, referring to an earlier claim or claims, should be grouped as much as practically possible.

Claim or claims shall contain a section which describes the technical features of the invention which are necessary for the definition of the claimed subject matter, but which when in combination with the section that describes in a concise manner the technical features described for protection, by utilizing such words as “ characterised by”, “characteristic of”.

Drawings

Article 10 - Where the description of the machine, equipment, product or the process which is the subject matter of the invention require drawings, such drawings shall be prepared as described below.

Flow charts and diagrams are accepted as drawings.

Drawings shall not contain any text, however when it is indispensable for clarification a single word or words such as water, steam, open, closed, AB section, or short expressions as in the case of electric circuits, block diagrams or flow charts may be used to enhance the understanding.

Figures, important parts and sections are numbered consecutively in the sequence as they appear in the description.

Unless it is essential with respect to the invention measures are not given on the drawings. In exceptional cases where the measurements are given technical drawing rules shall be followed.

Drawings shall be rendered in permanent black ink with well defined lines and dense and dark strokes without using any colours.

Cross sections shall be depicted with slanted lines which should not impair the visibility of the reference signs and the main lines of the figure.

The scale of the drawings and the clarity of their manner of depiction shall be such to enable all details to be distinguished without difficulty even when the photographical reproduction of the drawing is reduced to a two-thirds size.

All lines in the drawings are to be drawn with the use of drawing instruments.

The height of the numbers and letters can not be less than 0.32 cm. When lettering the drawings, with respect to their technical fields Latin and Greek alphabets shall be used.

A single page may contain several figures. Where a single complete figure is made up of the figures depicted on two or more pages, the figures on the several sheets shall be arranged so that the complete figure can be assembled by bringing the sheets together without concealing any part of any one of the figures appearing on different sheets.

The different figures on a page or pages shall be presented clearly separated from one another preferably in an upright position and without leaving empty space. Where the figures are not placed in an upright position, they shall be presented sideways with the top of the figures being placed at the left side of the sheet.

Reference signs which are not used in the description shall not be mentioned in the drawings, and reference sings which are not used in the drawings can not be mentioned in the description.

Where reference signs are used, the same features shall be denoted by the same reference signs throughout the application.

Where a large number of reference signs are used in the drawings, a separate sheet shall be attached listing all of the reference signs and the features denoted by these signs.

The total number of drawing pages and the relevant page number shall appear on each page of the drawings.

The Abstract

Article 11 - The abstract serves only the purpose of supplying technical information. It cannot be used for other purposes, and can not in particular be used for the interpretation of the scope of the protection sought. The abstract cannot in particular be used for defining the scope of protection and the state-of-the-art.

The abstract, being the summary of the elements as disclosed in the description, the claims and if any the drawings, shall contain the title of the invention, and shall denote the technical field to which the invention relates, and it shall be drafted in such a way to give a clear understanding of the technical problem, the essence of the solution of the problem to which the invention aims at and the principle use or uses of the invention.

Where it is necessary, the chemical formula which best characterizes the invention among all of the formulae contained in the application, shall be stated in the abstract.

The abstract shall be brief and concise as much as the disclosure enables. Preferably it shall be between 50 to 100 words.

The abstract shall not contain declarations on the supposed merits or the value of the claimed invention or of the speculative applications.

Each important technical characteristic mentioned in the abstract and depicted by a drawing shall be followed by a reference sign, and this sign shall be placed between parentheses.

Document Evidencing the Payment of the Application Fees

Article 12 - The application fee and the duty must be paid on the application date or latest within seven days of the application date without the need of any further notice and the original receipt evidencing the payment of the relevant duty and fee has to be lodged at the Institute.

Priority Documents

Article 13 - Where a priority has been claimed, a copy of the priority document obtained from the country of the receiving office of the earlier application giving rise to the priority and the Turkish translation of the section containing the identifications must be lodged at the filing of the application or within three months of the filing date of the application.

Where the documents as referred hereabove are not lodged within the prescribed period the application shall be processed as having no priority.

Terminology and Signs

Article 14 - The following terminology and signs shall be used in an application. A

consistent use shall be made of the terminology and sings.

a) Units of weights and measures shall be expressed in metric system or if first expressed in a different system shall also at the same time be expressed in the metric system.

b) Temperatures shall be expressed in Celsius degrees or if first expressed in a different system shall also at the same time be expressed in Celsius.

c)The international rules shall be followed in using indications for heat, energy, light, sound and magnetism, and also for mathematical formulae and electrical units. For the chemical formulae, the atomic weight, molecular formulae and symbols in general use shall be utilized.

d) As a rule only the generally accepted technical terms, signs and symbols should be used.

Unity of Invention

Article 15 - Those applications which do not comply with the provisions of the first paragraph of Article 45 of the Decree-Law, upon the request of the Institute shall be divided into separate applications.

Institute shall allow the applicant six months for making the necessary alterations.

Divided Applications

Article 16 - Each separate application stemming from an application divided in accordance with Article 15, conditional to staying within the scope of the original application, shall be accorded the filing date as of the filing date of the original application. Where a priority has been claimed, the priority right shall extend to the divided applications.

Convention Priority

Article 17 - Priority rights on the basis of the Paris Convention can be enjoyed only

upon request.

The twelve month period for claiming priority shall start from the date of filing of the first application, the day of filing is not included in this period.

If the last day of the period is an official holiday in Turkey or has coincided with a day when the Institute is closed for receiving applications, the period shall be extended until the end of the working hours of the next day.

PART TWO

Physical Characteristics of the Documents to be Submitted at Filing

Number of Copies

Article 18 - The documents to be submitted to the Institute shall be filed as:

a) application petition, one copy b) description, three copies

c) claim or claims, three copies d) drawings, three copies

e) abstract, three copies

Fitness for Reproduction

Article 19 - All elements of the application, namely the application petition, the description, the claim or claims, the drawings and the abstract shall be presented in such a manner that would allow direct reproduction of multiple copies by photography, electrostatic processes, photo offset and microfilming.

The sheets shall not be folded and shall be free of holes and creases.

Only one side of each sheet shall be used.

Each element of the application, namely the application petition, the description, the claim or claims, the drawings and the abstract shall start on a new page.

All sheets of the application shall be bound together in such a way that would allow easy perusal and also allow for easy separation and rejoining of the sheets for reproduction purposes.

Size of the Sheets

Article 20 - All the elements of the application, namely the application petition, the description, the claim or claims, the drawings and the abstract shall be prepared on A4 ( 29.7 cm X 21 cm) size sheets.

Margins

Article 21 - The minimum margins of the sheets containing the description, the claim or claims and the abstract shall be 2 cm from the top, 2.5 cm from the left, 2.5 cm from the right and 2 cm from the bottom; the recommended maximum margins shall be 4 cm from the top, 4 cm from the left, 3 cm from the right and 2 cm from the bottom.

For the sheets containing the drawings, the usable space shall not exceed 26.2 cm x 17.0 cm. The sheets shall not contain frames around the usable or used surface area. Minimum margins are 2.5 cm from the top, 2.5 cm from the left, 1.5 cm from the right and 1.0 cm from the bottom.

Numbering of Pages

Article 22 - All pages of the abstract, the description, claim or claims shall be

numbered in consecutive numerals.

The numbers shall be centered either at the top or the bottom of the sheet.

Numbering of Lines

Article 23 - Every fifth line of each sheet of the description and each sheet of the claims

shall be numbered. The numbers shall be placed in the right half of the left margin.

Writing of the Text

Article 24 - The application petition, the description, the claims and the abstract shall

be typed or printed by a computer.

When necessary only graphic symbols and characters, chemical or mathematical formulae, certain characters of the Chinese and the Japanese language may be written by hand or drawn.

The text shall be typed or printed in 1.5 spacing.

All of the contents of the text shall be typed in a dark permanent color, using characters the capital letters of which are not to be less than 0.21 cm high.

Drawings, Formulae and Tables Contained in the Text

Article 25 - The application petition, the description, the claims and the abstract shall

not contain drawings.

The application petition, the description, the claims and the abstract may contain chemical or mathematical formulae.

The description and the abstract may contain tables; claim or claims may contain tables only if it is helpful with respect to the subject matter of the claim.

If the tables and chemical or mathematical formulae cannot be satisfactorily placed in an upright position on the sheet, they may be placed sideways on the sheet. On pages where the tables and chemical or mathematical formulae are presented sideways, placing is to be done such that the tops of the tables or formulae are at the left side of the sheet.

SECTION THREE

Examination of the Application as to Compliance with the Formal Requirements

Article 26 - Upon the filing date of an application becoming final, the Institute shall examine the application as to compliance with respect to formal requirements as specified in Articles from 42 to 52 of the Decree-Law and Articles 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 of this Regulation, and with respect to physical characteristics as specified in Articles from 18 to 25.

The Institute shall examine the subject matter of the application with respect to compliance with Articles 6 and 10 of the Decree-Law to determine whether or not it is in the scope of non-patentable subjects and inventions, and whether it is exploitable in industry. Where, the Institute finds that the application clearly and without doubt lacks novelty or lacks features of industrial applicability the applicant is allowed three months for submitting his observations.

The Institute after reviewing the opinions of the applicant shall come to a final decision. Where the decision is negative, the Institute shall reject the application and submit the justifications of the reasonings for rejection.

Where the examination reveals that within the provisions of Article 53 of the Decree Law the application has deficiencies with respect to formal requirements or that the subject of the invention is in the scope of non-patentable inventions, the examination is suspended and the applicant is requested to remedy the deficiencies or to submit his objections to the Institute within three months.

The applicant, at this stage of the procedures, may amend the claim or the claims or divide the application into further divisional applications.

The Institute shall reject the application in total or in part with respect to claim or claims where the objection to the Institute’s decision on non-patentability has not been accepted or the deficiencies have not been remedied in conformity with the provisions of this Regulation.

Where at the end of the examination under the provisions of this Article, no deficiency is found with respect to formal requirements or that the deficiencies have been remedied within the provisions of this Regulation, the applicant shall be notified according to the provisions of the third paragraph of Article 56 of the Decree-Law that a request should be filed for the execution of the state-of-the-art search, unless such request had not been filed earlier, within one month of the receipt of the Institute’s notice.

Where during the examination of the patent application, the invention for which patent is requested undergoes partial or total changes, the filing date shall become the date on which such changes are filed.

Publication of the Application

Article 27 - The Institute shall publish the application in the Bulletin at the end of the

18th month period from the filing date or if priority is claimed from the date of priority.

The published applications are periodically announced in the Bulletin. The publication shall contain the following elements:

a) application date and number,

b) the applicant’s name, nationality and residential address, c) the name, nationality and address of the inventor,

d) if appointed, the name and address of the agent,

e) title of the invention,

f) the country, date and number of the priority,

g) class(es) code(s) of the invention,

h) abstract,

i) description,

j) claim or claims

k) drawings.

Request for Carrying out the Sate-of-the-art Search

Article 28 - The applicant shall request from the Institute, within 15 months of the filing date of the application or of priority date if priority is claimed, that the state-of-the-art search should be carried out, and shall pay the prescribed fee in the Circular of Fees within three months of the request date.

Where the period specified in the first paragraph of this Article has expired at the time of the notification provisioned in the sixth paragraph of Article 54 of the Decree-Law, the applicant shall file the request for search on state-of-the-art within one month of the receipt of the notification.

Where the applicant does not file the request for search on the state-of-the-art as provisioned in this Article or does not pay the relevant fee the application shall be deemed to have been withdrawn.

A request for search on the state-of-the-art with respect to a patent-of-addition application may be filed only if such request is filed simultaneously with the filing of the request for the main patent application or that a search has been carried out or request has been filed with respect to the previous patent-of-addition applications. The provisions from the first to the fourth paragraphs of this Article shall also apply with respect to patent-of-addition.

Inability of Conducting the Search Report due to Insufficiency

Article 29 - If the insufficiency of the description or the claim or claims, has resulted in the inability of drafting the search report, three months shall be allowed for remedying the insufficiency. Where the insufficiency is not remedied within these periods the application shall be rejected. In case of partial insufficiency, the search report shall be prepared for the claim or claims which are sufficient enough.

Observations within the System for Granting Patents Without Examination

Article 30 - Third parties, within six months of the publication of the search report as provisioned in Article 60 of the Decree-Law, may submit their observations to the Institute with the following particulars cited herewith:

a) the date and number of the bulletin in which the related application has been published,

b) documents evidencing the observations,

c) the name and address of the party submitting the observation.

Oppositions within the System for Granting Patents with Examination

Article 31 - Third parties, in accordance with Article 62 of the Decree-Law may submit their objections to the search report within six months of the publication of the search report. The following particulars cited herewith shall be enclosed with the opposition.

a) the date and number of the bulletin in which the related application has been published,

b) documents evidencing the opposition,

c) the name and address of the party submitting the opposition.

Request for Examination and the Payment of Fees

Article 32 - Upon the publication of the search report in accordance with the provisions of Article 57 of the Decree-Law and within the 6 month period of the publication date, the applicant shall file, in order to obtain a patent with examination, a request at the Institute for the substantive examination as to determining that the invention being sufficiently defined is a novel invention and involves an inventive step.

Before the commencement of the examination, the third party opposition period of six months has to expire, and the fee prescribed in the Circular of Fees should be paid. The examination fee may be paid anytime within the period as specified above. Where the request for examination has not been made or the fee has not been paid the application shall be evaluated and processed within the system for granting of patents without examination.

Converting a Patent Application into an Application for a Utility Model

Article 33 - The applicant, subject to complying with the following conditions, may request that the subject matter of the application be protected by the grant of a utility model certificate.

a) The request, under the system of granting patent without examination, may be filed latest by the termination of the period specified in the first paragraph of Article 60 of the Decree-Law for the submission of observations concerning the search report.

b) The request, under the system of granting patent with examination, may be filed until the expiry of the periods specified in the fourth paragraph of Article 62 of the Decree-Law for the filing of observations or objections submitted in response to the examination conducted by the Institute.

The protection afforded, as a result of the conversion, to the subject matter of a patent application within the scope of utility model certificate shall be valid as of the filing date of the first application or if priority has been claimed as of the date of priority.

The Institute, following the examination concluded in accordance with Article 54 of the Decree-Law and Article 26 of this Regulation, may propose the applicant to consider converting the patent application into an application for a utility model certificate. The applicant is free either to accept or to reject this proposal. Where the applicant does not respond to the Institute’s proposal of change with a request of conversion, the proposal shall be deemed to have been rejected. In such a case, the proceedings with respect to processing the subject of application, shall continue within the framework of patent granting procedures.

Where the applicant requests a conversion for obtaining a utility model certificate instead of a patent, the applicant shall be notified that the application shall be processed as being converted into a utility model application and shall be requested that the necessary documents to be submitted thereof. The applicant shall be allowed three months for the filing of such documents.

Where the applicant fails to submit the documents requested within the prescribed period, the request for conversion shall be deemed not to have been made and the application shall be processed as a patent application.

The Institute’s decision, reached subsequent to the publication of the application, shall also be published in the bulletin.

Inspection of the Patent Application Files

Article 34 - The file relating to a patent application or a patent may be inspected after the publication of the application within the constraints and under the surveillance of the Institute personnel as specified below.

a) Inspection may only be done within the premises of the Institute.

b) Inspection may not extend to the Institute’s internal communications.

c) The identities of the third parties who have requested inspections may not be

revealed.

d) Inspection may not extend to documents and communications related with the

compulsory licenses and employee’s inventions.

e) The identities of those inquiring to find out whether the annual fees have been paid

are not revealed.

f) The identities of the requesting parties and the contents of their requests for

inspection of the patent application or patent files may not be revealed.

PART THREE

Patent Application and Transactions upon Patents

Contractual License

Article 35 - The right to exploit a patent application or a patent may be subject to

licensing valid for a part or whole of the territory within the national boundaries.

An application with the following particulars have to be filed at the Institute for the recording of the license contract in the Patent Register.

a) a petition,

b) license contract signed by the parties, signatures of which to be authenticated,

c) document evidencing that the official duty and the fee prescribed in the Schedule of Fees have been paid,

d) power of attorney.

The fee specified in the Schedule of Fees have to be paid before the recording of the license contract in the Patent Register.

Offer for Licensing by the Proprietor of the Patent

Article 36 - Where the proprietor of a patent is not making use of the patent in accordance with the provisions of Article 96 of the Decree-Law, may apply in writing to the Institute declaring his offer to grant a license to those interested in exploiting the invention.

Where a change of ownership has occurred due to a legal action in accordance with Article 12 of the Decree-Law, the previous offer for licensing shall be deemed to be withdrawn with the recording of the new patent holder in the Patent Register.

The Institute shall record the offers of licenses in the Patent Register and publish such offers. The fee prescribed in the Schedule of Fees have to be paid before such offers can be recorded in the Patent Register. The offers for licensing are open to public inspection. The Institute shall take the necessary measures to enable such inspections.

The owner of the patent may withdraw his offer at any time provided that no request has been made to the proprietor of the patent. The withdrawal shall have effect as of the date the request for withdrawal is filed at the Institute.

Where the offer for licensing has been recorded in the Patent Register as an exclusive license, the owner of the patent may not make additional offers to other parties.

Anybody entitled to use the invention under a license obtained from an offer for licensing shall be considered to be holding a nonexclusive license, and a license granted under the provisions of this Article shall legally be considered as a contractual license.

A request, made after the filing of the offer for licensing, to record an exclusive license in the Patent Register shall not be accepted provided that the offer for licensing has been withdrawn or that the withdrawal has been accepted.

Transferring a Patent Application or a Patent Right

Article 37 - A patent application or a patent right may be transferred to another party.

An application with the following particulars has to be filed at the Institute for the recording of the transfer in the Patent Register.

a) a petition,

b) the transfer contract signed by both the assignee and the assignor, and the signatures are to be authenticated,

c) document evidencing that the official duty and the fee prescribed in the Schedule of Fees have been paid,

d) power of attorney.

The fee specified in the Schedule of Fees have to be paid before the recording of the transfer in the Patent Register.

Inheritance of a Patent Application or a Patent Right

Article 38 - A patent application or a patent right may be subject to inheritance.

An application with the following particulars has to be filed at the Institute for recording in the Patent Register the change of ownership due to inheritance.

a) a petition,

b) court ruling concerning the inheritance,

c) document evidencing that the official duty and the fee prescribed in the Schedule of

Fees have been paid,

The fee specified in the Schedule of Fees have to be paid before the recording of the change of ownership due to inheritance.

Obligation to use

Article 39 - The owner of the patent or the person authorized by him is obligated to use the patent.

The obligation to use must be realized by exploiting the invention within three years from the date of the publication in the related bulletin of the announcement concerning the awarding of the patent.

The market conditions shall be taken into consideration in the assessment of use.

Evidencing of Use

Article 40 - An official document prepared by the owner of the patent or the person authorized by him, shall contain a declaration on the exploitation of the patent to evidence the use before the Institute, and shall be certified by the relevant professional organizations, chambers of trade or industry or other related institutions.

No further authentication shall be required of the certification provided by these organizations.

The certificate of use shall contain, the date and number of the patent, the title of the invention, the date on which the use has started, the name, address and the signature of the person making the declaration, and the date of issue.

The certificate of use shall be recorded in the Patent Register. The fee specified in the Schedule of Fees have to be paid before the recording.

The Fee on Requesting the Institute’s Mediation

Article 41 - The fee concerning the request for mediation as provided in the second paragraph of Article 104 of the Decree-Law, shall be determined by the Institute separately in each case within the framework of the evaluation parameters with respect to the characteristics, the demands and the allegations of the application.

The Amount of the Guarantee

Article 42 - The amount of the guarantee as provisioned in subparagraph (c) of the second paragraph of Article 107, shall be determined by the Institute separately in each case within the framework of the evaluation parameters with respect to the characteristics, the demands and the allegations of the application.

The Request for Compulsory Licensing and the Amount of the Guarantee

Article 43 - The amount of the guarantee as provisioned in subparagraph (b) of the fourth paragraph of Article 108, shall be determined by the Institute separately in each case within the framework of the evaluation parameters with respect to the characteristics, the demands and the allegations of the application.

Change of Title

Article 44 - Where the holder of a patent application or of a patent is a legal entity and in the case of any changes that have occurred in the title, an application with the following particulars have to be filed at the Institute for the recording of the change in the Patent Register.

a) a petition,

b) the document evidencing the change of title,

c) document evidencing that the official duty and the fee prescribed in the Schedule of

Fees have been paid,

The fee specified in the Schedule of Fees have to be paid before recording in the Patent Register of the changes in the title.

Certified Copy

Article 45 - Certified copies of the patents may be requested by the patent holder or by

the third parties. For this purpose the fee specified in the Schedule of Fees have to be paid.

Recording in the Patent Register and the Effects

Article 46 - The applications and the patents are recorded in the Patent Register

including the following particulars.

a) the number of the application,

b) the number of the patent,

c) the application date, hour and minute,

d) the publication date,

e) the number of the publication,

f) the date of issue of the patent,

g) the name, nationality and residence of the applicant or the patent holder,

h) title of the invention,

i) the class(es) code(s) of the invention,

j) the date, the country and the number of priority,

k) the number of the claims, number of pages of the decription and the drawings, l) the period of protection,

m) the certificate of use,

n) annual fees,

o) transfer, licensing, change of title, execution and other similar acts on rights.

The rights arising from a patent application or a patent may not be invoked against third parties until they are duly recorded in the Patent Register.

Periods for the Payment of Fees and the Effects

Article 47 - The fees prescribed in the Schedule of Fees with respect to a patent application and a patent shall be paid by the applicant or by the holder of the patent or by the agent.

The payment periods with respect to the fees to be paid as prescribed in the Schedule of Fees shall be notified in advance by the Institute to the applicant or to the holder of the patent or to the agent.

Where a fee with respect to a specific procedure has not been paid within the period as specified in this Regulation, that procedure shall be deemed to have not produced any effect and outcome as of the date of notification by the Institute to the applicant.

Where the fees with respect to procedures for granting of a patent have not been paid within the periods as specified in this Regulation, the patent application shall be deemed to have been withdrawn.

Annual Fees

Article 48 - The annual fees as prescribed in the Schedule of Fees and required for the protection of the patent application or of a patent shall be paid each year in advance at maturity during the full term of the protection period.

Where the annual fees have not been paid within the period as specified in the first paragraph of this Regulation, they may be paid within the following six month period of maturity provided that an additional fee as prescribed in the Schedule of Fees have been paid.

Where the annual fees have not been paid within the periods as specified in the first paragraph of this Article, the patent right shall expire as of the last date for the payment of this fee.

PART FOUR

Applications for Utility Model Certificates

Examination of the Application as to Compliance with Formal Requirements and Publication

Article 49 - Upon the filing date of an application for a utility model certificate becoming final, the Institute shall examine the application as to the compliance with respect to formal requirements as specified in Articles from 42 to 52 of the Decree-Law and the Articles 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 of this Regulation, and with respect to physical characteristics as specified in Articles from 18 to 25.

Where the examination with respect to the formal requirements reveals a deficiency and that the subject matter of the application is not in the scope of the provisions of Articles 154 and 155 of the Decree-Law, the processing of the application is suspended. The applicant is informed of the Institute’s decision and is requested to remedy the deficiencies or to submit his objections to the Institute within three months of the notification of the decision. Where the deficiencies are not remedied or that changes in the claim or claims are not made or that objections are not filed within this period the application shall be deemed to have been withdrawn.

The Institute after reviewing the opinions of the applicant and of the changes if any, shall come to a final decision. The Institute’s final decision may be for issuing a utility model certificate with respect to all or part of the claims.

Where at the end of the examination with respect to formal requirements no deficiency is found or that the deficiencies have been remedied, the Institute shall inform the applicant its decision with respect to the continuation of the procedures, and the application is opened to public inspection by publishing of the description, the claim or claims, and if available drawings in accordance with the provisions of Article 27 of this Regulation. An announcement is published within the form and conditions as specified in Article 27 of this Regulation..

Institute’s Decision, Issuance of the Utility Model Certificate and Publication

Article 50 - Where the applicant has filed his observation with regard to the oppositions, or having undertaken the necessary changes or of the lapsing of the period allowed for placing observations with regard to the oppositions, the Institute shall decide to grant the utility model certificate without taking into consideration the oppositions filed by the third parties, and shall notify the applicant of its decision and request the payment of the fee specified in the Circular of Fees within three months.

Where the fee has not been paid within three months of the notification or that a further three month period has not been requested, the utility model certificate shall not be issued and the application shall be deemed to have been withdrawn.

Applicability of Provisions Pertaining to Patents

Article 51 - Where specific provisions pertaining to utility models are lacking, the provisions pertaining to patents shall apply also for the utility models provided that such provisions are not irreconcilable with the characteristics of the utility model certificates.

PART FIVE Last Provisions

Provisions Repealed

Article 52 - The Implementing Regulations Pertaining to the Industrial Property Provisions published in the Official Gazette no 9109 dated 21 September 1955 have hereby been repealed.

Applications of Previous Provisions

Transitional Article 1 - With respect to the applications filed before the entry into force of the Decree-Law, the provisions of the law in force at the date of filing shall prevail.

The provisions of the Decree-Law shall have effect for all procedures related with transfer, inheritance and licensing actions without prejudice to all rights acquired and recorded in the Register prior to the entry into force of the Decree-Law.

The provisions of Articles 96, 97 and 98 of the Decree-Law concerning the obligation of use and the article 72 concerning the patent period shall have effect equally for the patents granted before the entry into force of the Decree-Law.

The accumulated fees and duties with respect to patent applications filed before the entry into force of the Decree-Law shall be paid at their maturity after the entry into force of this Regulation without the requirement of any further notification by the Institute.

The Unpaid Fees and Deficient Documents

Transitional Article 2 - Deficient documents and the fees which have not been paid during the period before coming into force of the Implementing Regulation relating to the Decree-Law No 551 and Circular on the Schedule of Fees to be administered by the Turkish Patent Institute in accordance with Articles 6/f and 25 of the Decree-Law no 544 Pertaining to The Establishment and the Functions of the Turkish Patent Institute, shall be remedied within two months of the coming into force of the Circular.

Payment of the Annual Fees

Transitional Article 3 - Patents or utility model certificates having lapsed due to nonpayment of fees and duties, shall regain their validity upon payment within the six months period from the date of the notification of the Institute concerning the accumulated fees of the past years plus an additional fee in double the value of the due fees accumulated.

Search Reports

Transitional Article 4 - Until such time that the Institute establishes the organization capable of performing the state-of-the-art searches, the search work required to be undertaken in accordance with the Decree-Law shall be performed by the search institutions having international credentials.

The search reports prepared by the International Searching Authorities for which the priority is claimed with respect to an application filed in Turkey shall be accepted for processing as required by the Patent Cooperation Treaty.

The fee prescribed in the Circular of Fees for processing by the Institute of the search reports prepared by the relevant institutions shall be payable to the Institute with the filing of the report.

Where the reports have been prepared in a foreign language other than the English language, the Turkish Translation shall also be filed with the report.

Entry into Force

Article 53 - This Regulation shall enter into force on the date of publication.

Execution

Article 54 - The provisions of this Regulation shall be executed by the President of the Turkish Patent Institute.